battle of taranto facts

During this time, Captain Lumley Lyster of the carrier HMS Glorious proposed using its aircraft to mount a nighttime strike. Eleven of the planes were armed with torpedoes, while the remainder carried flares and bombs. Admiral of the Fleet Andrew B. Cunningham. The Battle of Taranto demonstrated the power of carrier-based planes. Of greatest historical significance, however, tactical airpower projected by sea quickly became a crucial component of U.S. national power, and more than seven decades later that special element of global power remains in full force. British forces landed near the port on September 9, 1943 as part of the Allied invasion (Operation Slapstick). In that period, the British Royal Navy developed plans for countering the power of the Regia Marina(Italian Navy). Sir Ridley Scott, English film director and producer; (Blade Runner, Thelma & Louise) won a Best Picture Oscar for Gladiator (2000). contains daily features, photo galleries and over 5,000 articles originally published in our various magazines. Some aircraft were armed with torpedoes, others carried bombs. Blunting the power of any adversary in the Mediterranean Sea was an ongoing exercise. Commanding the task force, Lyster's squadron included Illustrious, the heavy cruisers HMS Berwick and HMS York, the light cruisers HMS Gloucester and HMS Glasgow, and the destroyers HMS Hyperion, HMS Ilex, HMS Hasty, and HMS Havelock. He served nearly 52 months in federal prison. Not only had they sunk ships and damaged others, but they forced the Italians to recognize that Taranto … Planning for this type of eventuality had begun as early as 1938, during the Munich Crisis, when Admiral Sir Dudley Pound, commander of the Mediterranean Fleet, directed his staff to examine options for attacking the Italian base at Taranto. (11th November 1940 – 12th November 1940) The Battle of Taranto took place because the British were keen to reduce the threat of the Italian Navy in the Mediterranean. Photographs from these flights indicated changes to the base's defenses, such as the deployment of barrage balloons, and Lyster ordered the necessary alterations to the strike plan. The Royal Navy made this point with one carrier and twenty planes. Dick Clark, television host; (American Bandstand, 1957-87; Pyramid game show); beginning in 1972 and continuing into the 21st century he hosted Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve on television. Several of Eagle's aircraft were transferred to augment Illustrious' air group and the carrier sailed on November 6. The bomber section of Williamson's flight, led by Captain Oliver Patch, Royal Marines, attacked hitting two cruisers moored in the Mar Piccolo. Approaching the harbor just before 11:00 PM, part of Williamson's flight dropped flares and bombed oil storage tanks while the remainder of the aircraft commenced their attack runs on the 6 battleships, 7 heavy cruisers, 2 light cruisers, 8 destroyers in the harbor. This solution, as well as other aspects of the raid, was heavily studied by the Japanese as they planned their attack on Pearl Harbor the following year. Dropping flares, the Swordfish endured intense, but ineffective, antiaircraft fire as they began their runs. Bayly. The Battle of Taranto was fought on the night of November 11-12, 1940 and was part of the Mediterranean Campaign of World War II (1939-1945). Joan Ganz Cooney, television executive, founder of the Children's Television Workshop and mastermind behind Sesame Street. World War II: Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, World War II and the Battle of the Java Sea, World War II: Battle of Empress Augusta Bay, World War II: Battle of the Philippine Sea, M.S., Information and Library Science, Drexel University, B.A., History and Political Science, Pennsylvania State University, 21 torpedo bombers, 1 aircraft carrier, 2 heavy cruisers, 2 light cruisers, 4 destroyers, 6 battleships, 7 heavy cruisers, 2 light cruisers, 8 destroyers. Additional balloons had been placed but had been lost due to high winds on November 6. Those that were in place did not extend deep enough to fully protect against the British torpedoes. Among Britain’s objectives was the preservation of Malta as an operational hub in the Mediterranean. The British plan called for the planes to attack in two waves. In the long view of history, however, the Battle of Taranto changed the face of naval warfare forever. The British night attack involved 21 Fairey Swordfish biplanes, launched in two waves from the Royal Navy carrier HMS Illustrious. The latter had been intentionally grounded to prevent its sinking. In fact the balance of naval power in the Mediterranean was not altered as radically as Churchill claimed. Hale's flight of nine aircraft, four armed with bombers and five with torpedoes, approached Taranto from the north around midnight. G. Gordon Liddy, chief operative for the "White House Plumbers" (July-September 1971) during Richard Nixon's administration, he organized and oversaw the Watergate burglaries of the Democratic National Committee headquarters. In addition, the Italians maintained the basic integrity of their fleet and logistic support of their North African operations. In late 1940, the British became increasingly concerned about Italian naval strength in the Mediterranean. In the days before the attack, the Royal Air Force's No. Kennedy Hickman is a historian, museum director, and curator who specializes in military and naval history. It was an impressive score for a vintage aircraft the British affectionately dubbed the “Stringbag” for the variety of weapons and other gear it could carry. It signaled the replacement of the battleship by the aircraft carrier as the centerpiece of naval forces and an accompanying shift in naval tactics and strategies. Prime Minister Winston Churchill assessed the impact of the raid in the House of Commons: The result, while it affects decisively the balance of naval power in the Mediterranean, also carries with it reactions upon the naval situation in every quarter of the globe. While Eagle was being repaired, it was decided to press on with the attack using only Illustrious. Billy Idol (William Broad), punk rock musician; member of Generation X band. Early in the campaign, the British were able to control the sea lanes, however by mid-1940 the tables were beginning to turn with the Italians outnumbering them in every class of ship except aircraft carriers. The 1940 British attack on the Italian naval base at Taranto had a significant impact on the early stages of World War II in the Mediterranean. He has appeared on The History Channel as a featured expert. ■ As the torpedoes and bombs exploded at Taranto, so did the traditional naval combat doctrines based on the big guns of battleships. The Dec. 7, 1941, Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor ferociously confirmed that transition. In the course of these attacks, Williamson's Swordfish was downed by fire from Conte di Cavour. ■ Surprise remains an invaluable force multiplier in naval warfare, whether you’re talking about triremes or ballistic missile submarines. Plans for the capture of the port at Taranto were considered as early as the Italian invasion of Abyssinia in 1935. Mark Twain (Samuel Langhorne Clemens), American writer best remembered for The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. The Battle of Taranto was fought on the night of November 11-12, 1940 and was part of the Mediterranean Campaign of World War II (1939-1945). The Taranto Raid changed many naval experts' thoughts regarding air-launched torpedo attacks. Consisting of 21 outdated torpedo-bombers, the raid inflicted significant damage on the Italian fleet and altered the balance of power in the Mediterranean. While the Italians were easily able to supply their troops, the logistical situation for the British proved more difficult as their ships had to traverse almost the entire Mediterranean. ■ Never underestimate the troublemaking capacity of a naval aviator at the controls of an aircraft—even one he jokes about—attached to a torpedo or bombs.

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